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Пермский Биологический научно-исследовательский Институт

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RESUME
The Perm Institute for Biological Research.—To the XVII anniversary
of the October Revolution and the VII All - Union Soviet Congress.
By prof. A. I. A lexey ev, and the scientific assistant A. I. Bukirev.
The Institute was established by the order of Narkompros of RSFSR at
the end of 1921. Its rise was a result of largely developing research work,
which was contributed by a group of scientists of the then young Perm State
University, and received its great swing after the October Revolution.
Thus, the Institute may be rightfully called an offspring of the Great October,
an offspring of the creative Proletarian Revolution. At first the Institute
comprised 7 sections: for anatomy, histology, physiology, bacteriology, bio­
chemistry, botany, and zoology; in 1922 the Kama biological station orga3nized by the Perm Nature Study Society, merged in the Institute, and in
1927 there arose the Troitsk Forest Steppe Reserve. Research work was
carried on with much energy both in the sections and in the above men­
tioned branches, in particular the Kama Biological Station studied the vege­
tation and fauna of the Kama flood—plains, hydrobiology, ichthyology, geo­
botany, ecology, and the Reserve devoted its study to the steppe vegeta­
tion, soil microbiology, geobotany, hydrobiology and entomological ecology.
At the beginning of its existence the Institute carried on its work, using
the equipment of respective University institutions, which were supplied
quite satifactorily in so much, as those, days permitted. But in some years the
Institute was able to procure much of its own laboratory equipment and in
particular some expensive optical apparatuses, sufficient for carrying on
investigation work in its laboratories. The equipment of the Kama Biologi­
cal Station deserves to be mentioned especial'y.
At the same time the Institute developed its expedidion activities.
Owing to the constant moral and material aid of public organizations
and institutions and local soviet organs from the very beginning of its
activities, as well as through some material support of the members themsel­
ves, the Institute as early as a year after its opening was able to start pub­
lishing scientific works of its members and contributors, having founded its
Bulletins, of which the 1-st number was issued at the beginning of 1923.
This enterpsise favourally met and materially supported also by central
organs of the Narkompros, was an additional stimulus for extending the
activities and progress of the scientific thought in Perm.
Having started publishing 10 numbers a year, at a number of 250 co­
pies, the Institute soon set about the issue of supplements, where larger
papers had to be published.
The publication of B u lle tin s helped the Institute to organize a large
exchange of publications with learned institutions of the USSR and foreign
countries, as early as 1926 covering above 300 institutions.
The further growth of the scientific activities and of material resources
enabled the Inititute to increase the issue of Bulletins and to start publish­
ing Traveaux (Transactions) in 1927. These latter as well as Bulletins are